Virtual Tower will enable AZANS to perform contingency operations of Gabala airport (GBB) by providing air traffic services remotely from the new ASEC located in Baku. The solution, based on Searidge's Enhanced Airport Vision Display platform, will provide users with the necessary functionality of the current Gabala tower view.
Searidge Technologies is a leading technology innovator providing Remote Tower and surface optimization services and solutions to airports and Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) worldwide.
The Remote Tower System design consists of twelve (12) ATC-Grade video cameras, two (2) approach cameras, and two (2) PTZ cameras for a total of sixteen (16) system cameras.
The 360º panoramic view will serve as the replacement to a traditional tower out-the-window view, enabling controllers to visually monitor the aerodrome; including scanning runway for occupancy, pick-up of aircraft on short final, touch down, roll out onto the taxiway, and into the apron/gate. The PTZ sensors will provide binocular functionality with the added benefit of diversity in viewing angles, and in turn, provide GBB controllers with a high level of situational awareness from the ASEC centre by way of independent pan, tilt, and zoom capabilities. The approach cameras will provide static long-range views of the entire width of each approach path. The static approach surveillance concept provides greater ease of use as the ATCO will never have to manually direct a PTZ to the approach and look for the aircraft.
ASEC Phase 2
The TopSky-ATC automation system proposed is assumed to perform tower-approach (TWR/APP) control for the virtual tower position, and approach or en-route (APP/ACC) control for the contingency of AZANS main ATC system. In addition, it also offers training simulation capability (SIM).
TopSky-ATC will be integrated with the TopSky-Tracking system already delivered in Phase 1, thus benefiting from the investment already made by AZANS in Phase 1, and taking advantage of the outstanding tracking capabilities offered by TopSky-Tracking.
TopSky-ATFM (ECOsystem) provides the operator a suite of tools that enables assessing and testing amendments to the forecasted traffic scenario in support of contingency planning, rostering and preparation of traffic management initiative implementation in two steps:
- the simulation layer (ECOsystem Strategic Planning mode) uses both historical and predictive information to provide automated computation of long term (days to months) Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and hence to assess the possible impact of different influences upon the ‘standard’ scheduled operation plan, and explore possible options to adapt planning strategies and increase overall efficiency of the operations;
- the intermediate layer (ECOsystem Tactical Mode) focuses on the short-term tactical management of traffic flows within the day of operations. The expected benefit is to anticipate traffic flow organization and structuring with respect to safety and traffic fluidity, in order to relax the constraints applied to ATC controllers, and avoid by anticipation the occurrence of situations generating heavy controller workload.
Integration New Communication Technology
AZANS, Air Navigation Service Provider of Azerbaijan, in cooperation with BuCET Group / BuCVS (Communication Service Provider), have successfully completed implementation of the new satellite communication ground stations at the international airports of Baku, Ganja and Nakhchivan.
The new satellite communication ground station network was designed and developed with the latest VSAT communication technology for CNS/ATM purposes. With the upgraded satellite communication ground stations, the modern communication technology allows quick and premium quality voice interconnections as well as data transmission between the airports across Azerbaijan. After a comprehensive test procedure, the controllers at the three airport towers certified the voice interconnection as premium quality and excellent communication.
ATC Personnel Licensing
Our team of experts had been working on implementation of the ATC personnel licensing requirements according EU regulation 2015/340.
The project included the following activities:
- development below listed documents and approval of its by CAA;
- Azerbaijan Aviation Rules – Air Traffic Control Personnel Licensing (AAR – ATC PEL);
- Unit Competence Scheme for every unit endorsement;
- Unit Training Plan for every unit endorsement;
- implementation requirements for Air Traffic Control Personnel;
- implementation requirements for Training Organisation.
Azerbaijan Aviation Rules – Air Traffic Control Personnel Licensing has been implemented since 01.01.2018 with transition period until December 31, 2019.
AIS to AIM
The provision of aeronautical information today is mainly focused on the requirements of pre-flight briefing. The provision of aeronautical information tomorrow will address the requirements of all components of the ATM system for all phases of flight.
European Air Traffic Management (ATM) is faced with a significant and continuous increase in air traffic demand over the next fifteen years and beyond. The EUROCONTROL ATM Strategy for the years 2000+ (“ATM 2000+ Strategy”) was developed to provide the strategic framework for change. The Strategy describes the objectives, processes and measures by which the forecast demand may be satisfied while improving aviation safety.
The overall Objective of the future ATM network is: “For all phases of flight, to enable the safe, economic, expeditious and orderly flow of traffic through the provision of ATM services which are adaptable and scalable to the requirements of all users and areas of European airspace. The services shall meet demand in a cost-effective way, be globally inter-operable, operate to uniform principles, be environmentally sustainable and satisfy national security requirements”.
The ATM 2000+ Strategy identifies the role of AIS in these statements: “AIS will be improved and developed to provide a harmonized, coordinated service delivering quality assured most up-to-date information for all phases of flight and all users.” “AIS must make the transition from supply of predetermined products to the management of aeronautical information to serve future ATM needs.”
The ATM 2000+ Strategy also identifies as essential the exchange of information between civil and military Air Navigation Service Providers, clearly stating that this can only be achieved if civil and military systems are interoperable.
Though this Strategy has been developed to meet European needs, in writing it the global nature of Aeronautical Information, which transcends all National and Regional boundaries, has been recognized. In consequence, every effort has been made to accommodate the need for global interoperability.
The main objective of the AIS to AIM transition in Azerbaijan is to enhance the process of data distribution in terms of quality and timeliness. This will contribute to improved safety, increased efficiency and greater cost-effectiveness of the air navigation system. Derived objectives can be structured per step as defined in the ICAO Roadmap document. The ICAO document is, together with IR 73/2010, the primary reference and fundament for each objective.
Safety Risk Management
The objective of Risk Management is to ensure that the risks associated with hazards to flight operations are systematically and formally identified, assessed, and managed within acceptable safety levels. Several Annexes of the Chicago Convention aim to harmonise and extend the provisions relating to safety management by aircraft operators and aviation service providers. These changes introduce a framework for the implementation and maintenance of a (SMS) by the operators/service providers.
The framework consists of four main components:
- Safety Policy and Objectives.
- Safety Risk Management.
- Safety Assurance.
- Safety Promotion.
The complete elimination of risk in aviation operations obviously is an unachievable and impractical goal (being perfectly safe would require stopping all aviation activities and to grounding all aircraft) as not all risks can be removed and not all possible risk mitigation measures are economically practical. In other words, it is accepted that there will be some residual risk of harm to people, property or environment, but this is considered to be acceptable or tolerable by the responsible authority and the society.
Risk management, being a central component of the SMS, plays vital role in addressing the risk in practical terms. It requires a coherent and consistent process of objective analysis, in particular for evaluating the operational risks. In general, Risk Management is a structured approach and systematic actions aimed to achieve the balance between the identified and assessed risk and practicable risk mitigation.
The purpose of the Risk Management Implementation Project is establishing of the comprehensive and flexible system in order to:
- Identify possible risks.
- Reduce or allocate risks.
- Support acceptable level of Safety.
- Provide a rational basis for better decision making in regards to all risks.
- Efficient planning.
Additionally, continuous risk management will:
- Ensure that high priority risks are aggressively managed and that all risks are cost-effectively managed throughout the project.
- Provide management at all levels with the information required to make informed decisions on issues critical to project success.
The problems that confront today’s leaders are substantial and diverse: how to protect a nation’s most critical infrastructure from cyber-attack; how to organize, train, and equip a military force to prevail in the event of future conflict in cyberspace; how to deter nation-state and terrorist adversaries from conducting attacks in cyberspace; how to control escalation in the event of a conflict in cyberspace; and how to leverage legal and policy instruments to reduce the national attack surface without stifling innovation. These are just a sample of the motivating questions that drive our work.
The aim of the ASEC's Project on Conflict in Cyberspace is to become the premier home for rigorous and policy-relevant study of these and related questions.